If you are attempting your own cleaning, the EPA recommends that you wear the correct equipment. While you don’t have to wear a full hazmat suit, you should cover your eyes, nose, and hands when trying to remove mold. You should also wear a long-sleeved shirt, long pants, and work shoes. Here’s how to limit your exposure to mold and mold spores.
Wear a respirator. A dust mask or handkerchief will not protect you because mold can pass through it. Instead, use an N-95 respirator, available at many hardware stores and online. (They cost around $ 12 to $ 25.) Some N-95 respirators look like a paper dust mask with a nozzle on the front; others are made mostly of plastic or rubber and have removable cartridges that keep mold spores out. To be effective, the respirator or mask must fit properly, so carefully follow the instructions that come with it.
Wear glasses. To avoid getting mold or mold spores in your eyes, wear eye protection that does not have air vents.
Wearing gloves. Avoid touching mold or moldy objects with your bare hands. Long gloves that extend to the middle of the forearm are recommended. When working with water and mild detergent, you can use ordinary rubber household gloves. If you are using a disinfectant, biocide such as chlorine bleach, or strong cleaning solution, you should choose natural rubber, neoprene, nitrile, polyurethane, or PVC gloves.
When you’re done, there should be no visible mold and musty odor, although there may be some collateral stains and cosmetic damage. Once the area is clean and dry, you can paint over it.